Sewing Machines Parts

All sewing machines have many parts, in fact, dozens; each of them has a distinct name and important function it plays. Most of the sewing machines have basic and same parts regardless of the manufacturer; they only differ in features layout. Modern sewing machines have both moving and changeable parts. While others have an open system to enable, you add a more electronic or mechanical part to boost their operation and functioning.

As a sewer, it’s crucial to know and understand the basic part of your sewing machine to use it in the nice way possible. More so during the initial stages, so that it will be easier for you to identify if there is a problem. Usually, most of the sewing machine comes with their manual showing all the parts from the manufacturer although it will take you time to learn all of them. Luckily if you don’t have a manual, you can check the manufacturer’s website or download the manual online. Here we look at several parts of the sewing machines and their functions.

What Are The Parts Of My Sewing Machine?

Sewing machines parts are divided into two parts, i.e., the upper part and lower part. The upper part consists of the bed, head, and arm plus others, while the lower part contains legs, band wheel, dress guard, etc.

The Upper Part Of Sewing Machines And Their Functions

Some of the features in the sewing machines may look complicated, but they are pretty easy to know their roles. Let’s check some of the upper parts and their functions;

1. Bed: Generally, the bed is the flat part of the sewing machine mounted on the feed below it. Its main function is to stabilize the sewing machine. There is a lower thread and shuttle on top of the feed dog.

2. Arm:  the mechanism part for operating the sewing needle is usually the curved part you see on the head.

3. Handwheel: the part used to set mechanism motion, and its major function is to lower and raise the needle. Normally it’s driven by the motor, although you can turn it by your hands and adjust the needle height. A handwheel is located on the right side of your sewing machine.

4. Bobbin Case: it’s the location where the bobbin stays and gives tension for the lower thread while holding the bobbin. If the thread is pulled out, the bobbin case wraps the bobbin thread.

5. Bobbin Cover: its major function is to cover the bobbin case and the bobbin in the sewing machine.

6. Bobbin Winder: its main function is to make sure that the bobbin gets controlled. The speed should be medium while winding up the bobbin to avoid stretching, which leads to a break.

7. Bobbin: the part that holds your thread. Stitch is created by looping the needle thread and bobbin thread jointly.

8. Feed Dogs: normally made of teeth placed under the needle plate to make sure the cloth moves forward when sewing.

9. Faceplate:  faceplate part makes it easy to oil all the features of the needle bar needing oiling. The Take-up lever and the bar plate are some of the elements that need lubrication.

10. Head: it’s the whole part of your sewing model without the cabinet and the carrying case.

11. Needle: needle usually comes in various sizes and types regarding your knitting needs in different projects.

12. Needle Clamp: it’s the part that holds the needle tight while making sure it’s in the right place.

13. Needle Bar: this particular part provides motion to your sewing needle.

14. Presser Foot: it’s located strategically under the needle of your machine. The part holds your fabric in place so that it doesn’t slip over while working. Controlling your material while working is essential. To adjust your fabric, you can use low, high, or slant adjustment. The sewing feet are usually changeable depending on your project fabric type.

15. Stitch/ Pattern Selector:  stitch selector enables you to choose embroidery types, zigzag or straight stitches, regarding the project you are handling.

16. Reverse Lever: its main function is to limit your material’s front and backward motion when working.

17. Pressure Foot Lifter:  the part is generally located at the back of your model. Its major role is to lower or raise your presser foot while working. It gives you a chance to adjust the pressure level exerted on the presser foot. The pressure foot lever controls the part which holds the cloth down while working.

18. Spool Pin: this part is fitted on the top section of your model arm, and it’s used to holds the reel.

19. Slide Plate:  this part’s significant role is to cover the bobbin case and its rectangular shape. The feature allows you to remove the bobbin case without lifting your machine.

20. Spool Pin For Bobbin Winding:  it’s the exact part where you put the spool of thread while the bobbins wind.

21. Take-Up Lever: it’s regarded as the essential part of your model. It plays the main purpose when it comes to threading your model.

22. Stitch Regulator: just as the name suggests, it regulates the stitch width and length. However, it depends on how wide or narrow you want the stitch to be.

23. Thread Cutter: is placed strategically on the side of your machine behind the needle. The blade mostly comes with modern models.

24. Tension Up Lever: this part is made up of two concave discs brought jointly with convex ends. Its major role is to control the looseness and tightness of the stitch.

25. Hook: the part carries the thread placed on the top across the bobbin. To avoid jamming the thread, you need to design the hook very well. To make sure that the thread is not damaged.

26. Throat Plate: the disc plate has a semi-circular shape, and it covers the feeding dogs and the bobbin case.  The throat plate has markings that help you mark the seam allowance you want, depending on your fabric.

27. Thread Guide: its major role is to direct the thread to pass across the needle from the spool. At the same time, make sure the thread is in the right position.

Lower Parts Of Your Sewing Machine Model

1. Band Wheel Crank: it ensures the band wheel in your sewing machine moves.

2. Band Wheel: the part that makes sure the balance wheel goes along the belt connection.

3. Belt Guide: it makes sure the belt is placed in its right place.

4. Pitman Rod: the significant purpose of this part is to hold the treadle back on the band wheel crank.

5. Dress Guard: it normally shields your fabric as opposed to the wheel.

6. Belt Shifter: it helps to remove the belt away from your machine wheel.

7. Leg: leg supports the entire sewing machine as a whole, including the cabinet.

8. Foot Pedal; This is the point where your model’s feet are positioned to drive the band wheel. The part also limits the running, stopping, and starting of your machine.

Other Parts Of Your Sewing Machines

Some sewing models have extra features that enhance their performances apart from the upper and lower parts, such as;

1. Stitch Library:  some models come with it to allows more stitch choices, especially for crafting and embroidery.

2. Stitch Recorder: few machines come with this feature to record the speed, width, and length used in different stitches. It’s a great feature for sewers who need to jump from one stitch to the other.

3. Speed Control: some models come with this feature to allow sewers to adjust the speed needed by different projects.

4. Extra Area For Sewing: older sewing machine models come with their sewing tables. Nowadays, models come with extra space for sewing on the table, and it’s beneficial for sewers with many knitting projects.

Which Part Of The Sewing Machine Produces Thread Underneath Fabric?

The foot pedal limits the speed at which your machine makes stitches. To make your machine stitch faster, press the pedal down harder for slower stitching ease up on the pedal. On the other hand, the needle is what places the thread across the fabric. The needle comes in different sizes and types depending on various fabric projects being handled.

What Tension Should My Sewing Machine Be On

Bobbin thread tension is normally factory-set and can’t be adjusted for normal sewing. So, we will only discuss top thread tension because that’s where sewers make the adjustments. The number settings start from 0 to 9, so 4.5 is the default number for common straight-stitch sewing. It’s normally perfect for many fabrics.

What Are The Types Of Sewing Machines?

Generally, sewing machines are categorized depending on their functionality and features, such as quilting, embroidery, and sewing. These type of sewing machines include;

1. Mechanical sewing machines.

2. Electronic sewing machines.

3. Automated or computerized sewing machine.

4. Embroidery machines.

5. Overlock sewing machines.

What Is The Most Significant Part Of A Sewing Machine?

Every part in your sewing machines is essential, whether it’s small or big, moving or changeable part be it in the upper or lower part. If any part was not that important, then there was no need to place it on your machine. We need to know the significance of each part and how best can it be used.


Each part of the sewing machine is very important, and we need to understand how to use it properly. Different features on your model need unique maintenance for long-lasting services. Lubricate the parts required to be oiled regularly, and ensure the machine is used for the purpose meant for. 

Different fabric projects might need a few changes and adjustments in your machines; make such consideration. Keep the manuals that come with your model and normalize yourself with your machine’s part and functionality. When you understand your machine parts, it will be easier to determine the problem whenever it arises and even repairing them. 

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.